Kakegawa, M., and M. Hasumi: Effects of controlled water temperatures on oviposition in a lotic-breeding and externally fertilizing salamander (Hynobius kimurae). River Research and Applications (UK, International) 33(7): 1036-1043, September 2017. doi: 10.1002/rra.3162 ReadCube
Abstract: Warm or cool ambient temperatures during winter generate plasticity in the within-year timing of oviposition or breeding phenology shifts through the use of a reaction norm in many riverine ectotherms, but within-year timing of oviposition in Hynobius kimurae (Caudata: Hynobiidae) is predicted to be constant at different water temperatures of a mountain stream. To clarify this difference, by experimentally controlling water temperatures from fall to spring and thus changing durations of aquatic hibernation and dates of oviposition, we determined whether oviposition is more advanced when water temperatures increase earlier than usual or is more delayed when water temperatures increase later than usual. Oviposition was more delayed than usual with earlier exposure to high water temperatures during spring and was earlier than usual with exposing to higher water temperatures during hibernation. Days from submergence to oviposition were responsive to cumulative daily water temperatures from submergence to oviposition within a population. A rate of increase in days from submergence to oviposition was different between populations but was constant within a population even if minimal water temperatures varied each year. When running a program of a Markov chain Monte Carlo generalized linear mixed model for Bayesian computation to interpret confounding effects, neither different treatments nor different years statistically affected days from submergence to oviposition. These results suggest that a biological clock exits for days from submergence to oviposition in H. kimurae, which could allow survival in situations with either warmer or cooler environments.
Copyright 2017 Masato Hasumi, Dr. Sci. All rights reserved.
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