Spawn a2spelling dict.
How to "AsifSound to Spelling dictionary (ONLINE edition)"
As of July.2007 --- #, % supported. You somtimes have to refresh this howto.htm , a2spelling.htm and related windows.
• Link: spawn "available input key SYMBOLs "
• Link: Jump to "De-regulated Input Examples"
• Link: Jump to "© Numb meow holy-an gueh key-o." or "© 763ao8Len5e9io" --- What is this?

QuestionAnswer etc.
What is this toy tool?AsifSound-like input → Spelling outputA to Spelling Dict.
( I'd liked to name " A2Spelling dict.")
 --- Someone said "82Spelling dict.".
System requirement?JavaScript supported web browser like IE or Netscape on PC. Netscape user needs below :
• web-tab header right-click/ Show Site Controls/ Advanced/ Web Features/ do OFF(VOID) check-box mark of "Open requested pop-ups in new tab"
What is available input letter?A to Z (all alphabets) and (semi-)colon.
I call this "de-regulated AsifSound input interface".
Non case-sensitive. If non-allowed letter is used, then "Invalid letter included !! " alert happens.
I intend to be used colon or semi-colon for long vowel notation.
What happens with non-AsifSound letters?mapped to AsifSound:    A/E/I/O/U/W/Y/:/;→a, C→K, J→D, M→N, Q→K, R→L, V→B, X→KS, Z→D
and aa→a (di/tri-phthong , long vowel care), CH→T, SH→S
(Here, CH→T priority is greater than C→K).
Enhance flexibility of input (and near real sound). Try & learn by real machine operation.
To see is to believe!
Is this Security-Safe?YES !!
Look up AsifSound dict. Sub-Page indexed AsifSound header. And Find ",asifsound," format string (=sandwiched by comma style) in its sub-page. --- That's all.
All is done by JavaScript Programming Language. My source code is the OPEN
(if necessary, check it out !).
Can spelling search?No. --- Input of this input-box is sound only.If you want to do this, please use "OFFLINE edition" or "The CMU dict.(ONLINE)." etc, together.
What happens on NO HIT?" ,asifsound,  *** NO HIT !! *** " alert message box is displayed This tool uses ",asifsound," format( sandwich style by commas) search.
Sometimes, "Opening page.." is very slow??In such slow TAT( Turn Around Time) case, Please repeat clicking the "Search" button.Looks like such phenomenon happens in small transfer page size, Please repeat clicking.
What is "Critical header-footer function" ?

Color-highlighting function is supported to MS-IE only
( i.e. Netscape is not supported).

This func. is an addition of information:
If suffix of "dot" or "comma" is added/ appended to the input, All input pronunciation, distinguishes below symbols (as phoneme element).

a, e, i, o, u, w, y, b, v, d, j, z, z/, d/, l, r, m, n, n/, s, sh, s/, t, ch, t/
Here, d/ = ð, (s/ or t/ ) = Θ, n/ =NG, z/ = ZH.
( ER ∈ a:, AO ∈ (a ∪ o ∪ o:). where NG, ZH, ER and AO are CMU dict. Phoneme notations.)

j = voiced ch (joy, energy, bridge) , --- IPA symbol=ʤ
z = voiced s (s of noun plural/ 3rd person singular present/ possessive case [Plus S noun/ verb conjugation] etc.: boys, zoo, busy, says, tells, ours) ,
dz(2 characters) = voiced ts(2 characters) (d+s: s of noun plural/ 3rd person singular present/ possessive case [Plus S noun/ verb conjugation] etc.: birds, sends, birds') ,
z/ = voiced sh (casual, division; must not be 1st & last position of word) , --- IPA symbol=ʒ

Comment: In Chinese language pronouncing definition, voiced sound of "non touching tongue SH" is R. --- This is a comprehensive cool/ good "R" definition.

Header = "GreenYellow" background color ( = highlighting). 1st 3 Phonemes.
Middle   = "AquaMarine" color. Middle Phonemes.
Footer   = "Pink"               color. Last 3 Phonemes.

-- Narrowing the qualified range.

"/ (slant)" is "acca(=h )/ variant/ bias" mark, I applied.

-- Fish detector / fish-finder. i.e. Sonar.
-- Advanced User Technique (Decomposition of AsifSound): --
• Vowel notation in this system
Here, I define some character - operators.
• " ] (closed bracket)" = this is concatenating Before 2 characters of CMU dictionaries vowel or diphthong (or pseudo-vowel or schwa-vowel) element.
• " / (slant)" = for acca( =h no pronouncing Italian/Spanish/English letter, corresponding to CMU dict. H operator. )
• " ; or : ( (semi-) colon)" = for long vowel expression, containing CMU dict. AO except AA
• " 8 (number eight)" = for pseudo-long vowel , corresponding to CMU dict. only AA R (=a8) and AO R (=o8) special usage. -- e8, i8, u8 usage isn't supported now.

• " - (hyphen mark) or 0 (zero) or # (sharp)" = for variant of A, corresponding to CMU dict. AA.
• " @ (at mark) or 9 (nine)" = for variant of A, corresponding to CMU dict. AE.
• " * (asterisk/ star mark) or 7 (seven)" = This is data itself and append-operator, which append a CMU vowel( = not consonant) Phoneme R(=IPA symbol=ɚ) to the before vowel group.
• " 5 (five) or 6 (six)" = A representative of Schwa vowel itself, CMU vowel Phoneme AH0(=IPA symbol=ə).
• " > (greater than)" = Staccato explicit separator mark. There is not such symbol in now English world, included strong stress/ accent function.
This is an optional function (= Invisible Man). I introduce this expression for English novice( = beginner). ex. cat has "ca@>t" sound. i.e. Between ca@ and t, there is a bit pause(/ stop/ staccato) time. attack has a/ta@>k,, soccer has sa0>ka:,, such has sa/>ch, .

--- Now also applied to > = primary stress, >> = secondary stress.
• " _ (under bar) " = one alphabet name sound letter. ex. ki_nd. = [kai nd.], fa_m5s. = [fei m5s.], k_5s. = [kei 5s.], p5ta_to_. = [p5tei tow], sou]nd. = [saw nd]

<<You can use above operator combinations for pronouncing expression/ notation, as you like ( multi-options: general ] or others).>>

Result is below (This is important):

AA= aa] or a- or a# or a0 [inference: base or Open >> 0(zero)] or a [most Open & most Back utter, short or somewhat long] --- IPA symbol=ɑ or ɑ: [open back unrounded ]. (but, in British English, different pronouncing is used --- IPA symbol=ɔ [open-mid back rounded ]
--- British is near/ faithful to the spelling notation.
ex. spelling hot is hɑt[HH AA1 T] in USA, but, hɔt in UK.
i.e. In USA, the spelling of short o is uttered a-side pronouncing.
Somewhat long nuance case sample, spelling father is fɑ:ðɚ[F AA1 DH ER0]

AE= ae] or a@ or a9 or a [a, e mix, short] --- IPA symbol=æ.
[inference: e > its right & left mirrored shape > ɘ > ≈ 9 (avoid shift-key @) ]

AH= ah] or a/ or a% or 6 or 5 or a [staccato voice, short] --- IPA symbol=Λ (Lambda) [=utter "a" from the deep part of throat] or schwa ə(=[AH0]).
ex. Typical using Λ is spelling u as in bus, but, or spelling o as in come, love etc.
[inference: schwa ə [=AH0] > its right & left mirrored shape > ≈ 6 or S of Schwa is S of Six. (We should perceive the nuance of Schwa sound and its usage.) ]
[inference: 5 > (left-) profile of the opened (uttering) mouth. -- cf. Fig.1 ]

AA R= a8 or a0* ( or a07) or a [ diphthong (=near long) of open a0, i.e. AA + R sound] --- IPA symbol=ɑɚ or ɑ:ɚ . ex. heart [ha8t]
[inference: long > endless > its shape > sleeping 8 (= ∞) or colon : > nega. film of it >  :  (looks like 8 ?!) ]

ER= er] or a; ( or a:) or e; ( or e:) or aaaaa or rr (double r , just 2 characters)
[before(?) part of R sound, woof/ groan with low voice, long]
--- IPA symbol=ɚ: (Rhotacized upside-down[one-eighty rotated] e + colon) [long vowel].

---[AH0] or [ER0] sometimes becomes schwa [SH W AA1] vowel of a (: An undistinguished, unstressed, neutral, weak vowel sound that is the usual sound of the first and last vowels of the word "America" or the last vowel of "over", but even shorter in duration.) These weak sounds have a great influence on Liaison (=sound linking) phenomena (referred later) between words or in a word.
--- IPA symbol=ə or ɚ (upside-down[one-eighty rotated] e) --- [i.e. most relaxed tongue weak utterance. sometimes (carelessly) may be omitted/ unheard ?!]

AW= aw or a [diphthong]
AY= ai or ay or a [diphthong]
EH= eh] or e or e/ [staccato voice, short]
EY= ei or ey [diphthong]
IH= ih] or i or i/ [i, e mix, staccato voice, short]
IY= ii or iy or i; ( or i:) or iiiiii ( or eeeeee) [long or diphthong]
AO=ao] or o; ( or o:) or a or o , not oooo [a, o mix, long] --- IPA symbol=ɔ:
AO R= o8 or o:* ( or o:7) or o [ diphthong (=near long) of o:, i.e. AO + R sound] --- IPA symbol=ɔ:ɚ . ex. door [do8]
OY= oi or oy or o [diphthong]
UH= uh] or u or u/ [staccato voice, short]
UW= uw or u; ( or u:) or uuuuu ( or oooo) [long or diphthong]
R= *(asterisk mark) or 7(seven) [inference: star > lucky > 7]
-- Light( not heavy) a or r sound appending to the before vowel (i.e. makes compound vowel/ triphthong ).
[Top(?) part of R sound, woof/ groan with low voice, short]

ex. CMU expression of word "card" = [K AA1 R D] = ca8d = ca07d, "air" = [EH1 R] = e7, "our" = [AW1 ER0] = awa; or [AW1 R] = aw7
(I adopt * , because its position is upper side. and 7 has a shape as if a pole with flag on top , or it drives a wedge into the top right.)
--- IPA symbol=ɚ (Rhotacized upside-down[one-eighty rotated] e) [short vowel]

Above Here, red left-hand is CMU Phoneme notation.

Tip1: There is no existing of the short vowel o in USA. i.e. They don't use the IPA symbol=ɔ short sound. --- This means, You should not type the independent "o" in this system.
ex. The spelling "convert" --- if its input were "conve;t," -- you are not smart a bit, because o will not hit.
--- "canve:t," is better.
( But, you want to type diphthong OW or AO, and you don't know which is better, --- in such case, you should type "o" as a representative of OW/ AO. Because OW ∈ o ,OY ∈ o and AO ∈ o. -- ex. check it out : bot, )
SPACE character: This is a separator for avoiding mistaken automatic diphthong connection. Ex. Input "awo:d,"( award) makes "AW + AO D" usually. --- This is bad. To avoid this, you should type "a   wo:d" or "a/wo:d" -- corresponding CMU dict. expression is [AH0 W AO1 R D]( non AW), if you don't use this "space or operator insertion ", my system highlights another words. "a   wey,"( away) is, TOO.

And, You can use this space separator at any location points of logical (or physical) unit for the sake of readability. --- ex."reeda/     bi/li/ty," or casablanca = "ca@sa/    bla@n/ka/," [house white( empty[ blank] color)] , or   " daks hund, " , mishear = " mis hi7,"
If you are well acquainted with "The CMU Pronouncing Dictionary", and have exact pronunciation , then you may try this advanced matching function.

See below samples and learn, please !!

I adopted "closed bracket mark" because it has a nuance of wrapping.

Advice:(spelling finding)
1. At 1st, you type a word sound ( not spelling) to input-box with no operators/ dot ( comma) suffix, then, Push the Search-Button.

If the number of the result words is small, you only select by yourself with no assistant tool.
(Here, If you are recognizing the diphthong, you should type it.)
( Long-spelling case or you have much carefulness, it's enough to this level. -- You should gaze not only pronunciation column but also spelling column.)

2.The result is much and you feel to need more precise search/ narrow focusing. If so, Append "dot/ comma" suffix to the end of input string.
Push the Search Button again. Wait a bit ( this is CPU depend activity).

3. Look at/ gaze the result again. If colorful lines appear, you should ponder if more precise is needed or not. If needed, go to 4.

4. Modify the vowel units ( or consonant) or to add vowel operator into the input with referring to the CMU pronunciation column.

ex. o → a/ or e → i/ or e → a/ or i → a/ or a → a0 or a → a@ or a → 5 or a → a/ or a → a; or a → a8 or ow → o: or n → n/ ...etc.

Push the Button again. Back to 3.

Repeat 3. 4. iteration until you satisfy.
( The last wanted word will be in the most colorful lines or near them.)

About [ CMU pronunciation ] column:
In this system, CMU pronunciation column is listed (sorted) alphabetically (order).
In this sorting, I executed the character "W" and "Y" omitted-sort.

ex. [EY] , [W EY] and [Y EY] are same position/ location.

Please understand above listing feature, and, search/ find/ retrieve your wanted sound systematically by yourself.
(--- So, it's not difficult to find the sound in this system.)

Fig.1 (He says SCHWA.)

///////    -- hair
Z¬  |     -- eye + nose
5__|      -- mouth( = 5 )

Uh!, He looks just like
Schwarzenegger ??!!
[SH W AO1 R Z AH0 N EY2 G ER0]
= shwo8z5 neyge:.

ə | ə |

Cubism [cyuuuu bi/z5m]

      ↑7(= R-vowel)

My Simple Question:
There are 3 types of "A" short vowel as AA, AE, AH (i.e. 3 options) in USA.
And then, the diphthong of started "A" (as AW, AY) is only one type (i.e. 1 option ). --- why??( mismatch happened. 3 = 1?? )

What "A" is it? -- AA0 or AH0, perhaps. --which?
(I guess that its "A" is AA0 ( i.e. basic open a) like Japanese language. -- this is reasonable. AW or AY is worldwide common?? -- I don't know. But, AA0 seems to be more opened than Japanese A ?? )

Why isn't there "AE0 + W" diphthong??

Above logic has contradiction in British English.

--- Is there a 4th "A" ???

In my English-Japanese dictionary, it's written that AY/ AW of USA/ UK is almost equal to Japanese AI/ AU. If so, A of AY/ AW is the 4th A, and its A is Japanese A.
--- This becomes the definition of Japanese A.

• One ( x_ ) and Two ( xx] ) alphabet name sound letter table definition;

alf_name = "a_ey, e_iy, i_ay, o_ow, u_yuw, y_ay,
aa]3, ae]@, ah]a/, ao]o:, eh]e/, er]e:, ih]i/, uh]u/, zh]z/, ou]aw, ng]n/, u]a/,
b_biy, c_siy, d_diy, f_ef, g_jiy, h_eych, j_jey, k_key, l_el, m_em, n_en,
p_piy, q_kyuw, r_8, s_es, t_tiy, v_viy, w_d2b5lyuw, x_ex, z_ziy,";

/* CMU vowels, AW,AY,EY,IY,OW,OY,UW are implicit ] usage. */
/* y_ = [AY], "ou]" = [AW], " u]" (space + u] ) = [a/] = [AH] is educational? */

I imitated (Long: macron) ā, b̄, c̄, d̄,..., z̄ by a_, b_, c_, d_,..., z_.
(Short: breve) ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, y̆ by @, e, i, 3, [, i.   in spelling based Phonics letters.

How about input " ER" + "vowel"; R-linking ( one of Liaison) notation?
[L IY0 EY1 Z AA2 N]
In this system, R of R-linking must describe explicitly (I made such system).
For example, word "answering" has CMU dict pronouncing expression [AE1 N S ER0 IH0 NG], this system corresponding input is "a@nsa;ri/n/,".

That is, "R" + "a,e,i,o,u,w,y", such "R (needs explicit)" is treated as consonant (not part of vowel).
Tip2: R( part of long vowel) has two faces ( i.e., Its R looks like, a vowel from just before vowel view point, and a consonant from just after vowel view point).
Ex. more rough input ansa;rin/, has 1/6 hit ( in aNSaLaN)

"vowel + * (or vowel + 7) + vowel" Liaison pattern is the same ( must add R+ vowel) , too.
Ex. fair = fe*, or fea* → fairy = fe*ry, or fea*ry.
faraway = fa8ra/wey, or fa8ra wey, (or fa0ra/wey, or fa0ra wey,)
Are there any limitation now?
There is next limitation NOW.
• Sound "ts"(2characters) and its voiced form "dz"(2characters) is not in one asifsound sound T and D.
That is, cats[ca@ts] and cards[ca8dz] now belongs to asifsounds KaTS and KaDD respectively.(DD is odd !!)
I will correct this in the future (??? -- unknown).
As to be, ts ∈ T , dz ∈ D, cats ∈ KaT, cards ∈ KaD.
But, this limitation is not so HARMFUL.
Now, if you typed the sound-input ..t or ..d ( i.e. sound whose end is t or d), if necessary, please check out the ..ts or ..ds) style, too.
--- I apologize to you for this inconvenience.
How to move the focus from the result page to the input box?
And its reverse (i.e. input box to result page)?
1. Using mouse, click the destination area. ----- this is the most orthodox method.
(but, you must grasp the mouse, it is waste of hand moving)

2. "Tab" & "Shift + Tab" key-pushing move & back the focus.
( I recommend 2. method. It's easier than 1.)
Case by case, you can use both.
Where from can we get the IPA Fonts for PC.
1. Go to IPA( The International Phonetic Association) Home Page below.
2. click "Fonts" in menu.
3. then you jumped to
There, you can get the information of "Phonetic Fonts for Macintosh" or "Phonetic Fonts for Windows"
In Windows case, Last Link page (how to page) is below.
You can get Unicode lists and how to use explanation.
Standard Southern British English pronouncing search site.

like notation.
(Select English) ™ English Phonetic Transcription

Tool : text to IPA, SAMPA, CMU .. pronunciation style creator.

( English German dict. too )
searchable English pronouncing dictionary.
(spelling to pronouncing and [strict] pronouncing search)

3 = [ER], @ = schwa or [R] (@ = all short "a" except & or V ??), & = [AE] , V = [AH] , !V = ([&eI0UVAO3iu]|eI|aI|OI|@U|aU|I@|U@|e@) , !v = [@I] (!v has 2 elements -- educational!! --non-stress vowel is [AH0],[IH0] (included [ER0]="@R" ending) only -- this feature is almost(/not absolutely) true!! -- but, Many exceptions there are.) etc.
and short [AA(=open a)](i.e. short of "A" in its system) is none in UK ??
ex. church = tS3tS , teacher = titS@R, air = e@, card = kAd , information = .Inf@'meISn , cats = k&ts , judge = dZVdZ , answer = 'Ans@R , long = l0N , machine = m@'Sin , not = n0t , pattern = 'p&tn , dictionary = 'dIkS@nrI , cold = k@Uld (@U = [OW] -- dishonest expression??) , abundant = @'bVnd@nt , abandoned = @'b&nd@nd , pitied = 'pItId , pitted = 'pItId , br.t.S (British ,[. = any one character wild card] ) , ' (= homophones) , b.m'bu (= bamboo) , s.'plaI (= supply) , k@n'tempr@rI (= contemporary) ,
UK   : simple = [sImpl] ,   symbol = [sImbl] ---- schwa omitted,
USA : simple = [si/mp5l] , symbol = [si/mb5l] -- schwa added,
-- Six of one, half a dozen of the other. -- both are worse!!!???

laboratory ( USA=[L AE1 B R AH0 T AO2 R IY0], UK=[l@'b0r@trI] )
( labor [= work] + atory [= atelier? = room/ place] cf. factory/ depository ,, cf. Labrador Retriever)

• Upper case letter I and U (You) are short vowels ---They are corresponding to Y (or IH) and W (or UH) of The CMU pronouncing Dictionary.
• Lower case letter i and u is long vowels, corresponding to ee.. and oo.. in this a2spelling system.--- s2spelling system has NO-SHIFT-key (i.e. One Hand) POLICY.

In my English-Japanese dictionary, it's written that V of UK is almost equal to Japanese A.
'l!Vnd!vn = 8 Hit (included "London") , v.'k.bjUl.r. = 2Hits (vocabulary, vocabularies) , .g'z.mpl = 8 Hits (included "example" ) , f.m.l. = 16 Hits ( included "family") , b.zn.s = 6 Hits ( included "business") ,
b.*z.*n.*s = 12 Hits ( included "business") , br.*dZ = 47 Hits , \bw.*nzd.*\b = 3 Hits ( \b = word boundary regular expressions) , \bt.*zd.*I\b = 3 Hits , \bk.*mb.*n.*Sn\b ( combination) , \br(!V|!v)nb(!V|!v) ( rainbow) , \bT(!V|!v)'s(!V|!v)r(!V|!v)s = 2 Hits (thesaurus) -- stress disturbs the simplicity in this British system. , \bv.*s.*t.*l\b = 4 hits ( versatile) , @'n.*l.*dZ.*\b (analogy , --\b@'n.*l.*dZ.*\b result is odd) , \A'dZ.*n.*rI\Z (January)(\A and \Z regular exp sandwich) , \A.*s.*nw.*dZ\Z (sandwich, not tS, why??) , \A's.nd.\Z ( Sunday) , tjuzd.\Z ( Tuesday; here Y = j) , f.s.neIt\Z ( fascinate ) , bVtn\Z ( button ) , veIgr@nt\Z ( vagrant ) , daI'v3s.t.\Z ( diversity ) , rI.*s3tS\Z ( re'search ) , spaUz\Z ( spouse, USA is [S P AW1 S]) , .k.*mb.*n.*Sn\Z ( combination, .k.*nb.*n.*Sn\Z is NO HIT, NO ERR) , s2d\Z (third, mistake: must to be 3, NO HIT, NO ERR) , r.*dIkjUl.*s\Z ( ri'diculous ) , 'vaI@r@s ( virus , Is it true?? ) , kAdz ( cards ) , @'weI\Z ( away , aweigh ) , wel\Z (.. well, not weI ) , spel\Z ([..spel]) , speI\Z ( spey ) , asthma ( ['&sm@] in UK, [AE1 Z M AH0] in USA ) , \A'sIlI\Z ( silly, looks sIII ) , express ( [Ik'spres] , why not [Iks'pres] --typo??) , expressway ( [Iks'presweI] --Ik's / Iks' --inconsistency!! In my old OXFORD E.E. written as [iks'..])

Mistake(??): In input box, Upper i looks lower L.
American English Spoken Lexicon.
LDC (Linguistic Data Consortium) American English Spoken Lexicon.
(c) 1996-2000 Linguistic Data Consortium, University of Pennsylvania. All Rights Reserved

• searchable by spelling or pronouncing.
• be able to listen to linguistic data. -- Audio format: AIFF, WAV or AU . -- under exclusive SOUND CARD only
( This is a considerable good/ clear recorded sound !! -- I think so.)

The mapping of letters to phonemes
• This URL is niche route?. (No need login)
Member must pay membership annual fee. --- The poor can't use its service!!! -- Bad thing!!
• Symbol notation (PRONLEX) is simple, and pronouncing search is easy.

--- Pronouncing result sometimes differs from The CMU Pronouncing Dictionary.

(CMU is located in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. Univ. of PA. is the same in PA, USA ??)

1. Schwa usage is different. ex. Chicago [S.Ik'ag+o], [SH AH0 K AA1 G OW2](sh5ca0>gow>>.)
2. c[o:] o[ow] usage ex. door [d'or], [D AO1 R](do8>.) etc.
cf. law [l'c], [L AO1](lo:>.) -- the same
cf. pronunciation [prVnVnsVVSVn], (pranansashan,) -- multi wildcards usage
What is SOUNDEX ?
Soundex - the True Story.
© 2001-05 (last updated 22 Sep 2005) Rick Parsons, Bristol, England

History --- On 2 Apr 1918, Robert C. Russell obtained USA Patent at first.
The algorithm
Spawn -- online Surname to Soundex Calculator
(© 1998-2006 SearchforAncestors.Com All rights reserved. )
Program code
Soundex format = 1st letter + nnn(3 digits)

Last 3 digits consists of below.
1 = B,P,F,V
2 = C,S,G,J,K,Q,X,Z
3 = D,T
4 = L
5 = M,N
6 = R
The letters A,E,I,O,U,Y,H, and W are not coded.

Comparison of English and Japanese pronouncing.
(and additional feature)

-- This article is my private opinion.
(I'm a native/ pure / ordinary Japanese boy).

The voice from Joe Blow.

I've no talent of making easy jobs seem difficult or complicated.
Japanese Phoneme is given below 2 dimensional table cross element.(-- simple & mathematical).
[ 50 sounds table ]
row\ column: a, k, s , t ,  n , h , m , y , l , w , n ,   g , z , d , b , p
a----------------a,ka,sa,ta,na,ha,ma,ya,la,wa,n,   ga,za,da,ba,pa
 i-----------------i,ki,shi,chi,ni, hi, mi, - , li , wi,  - ,  gi,  ji,  di, bi, pi
u----------------u,ku,su, tsu,nu,hu,mu,yu,lu,wu, - ,  gu,zu,du,bu,pu
e----------------e,ke,se,te,ne,he,me, - ,le,we, - ,   ge,ze,de,be,pe
o----------------o,ko,so,to,no,ho,mo,yo,lo,wo, - ,  go,zo,do,bo,po

• Short vowel sound is only 5 and has no variant. ex. Japanese "a" is only one which is the same sound as the 1st "a" in English diphthong "aw / ay ".

f, v, r and th consonants ( such un-straight tongue/ lips usage/ technique) don't exist in Japanese basically.
i.e. --- Too simple/ sharp/ clear sound only, is that bad?

ex. Japanese person name " ICHIRO(baseball player)" should be ICHILO strictly( I think so).
In case of " Mount Fuji", --- Huji is true, too( I think so).

At least, all Japanese people are pronouncing [ichilow] or [ichilo:] or [huji] in Japan. --- Absolutely(99.99%) true.

In here, Japanese "L" environment is restricted than English "L", because Japanese consonants (except independent N) are always followed by vowels.

English "LLLL(= L tongue is touching the alveolar ridge [= dome] all time)..." is corresponding to Japanese "Luuu(= vowel part tongue is not touching the dome)...", so Japanese "L(touching) + vowel(no touching)" sound is softer [= not hard] than English "L (+ no-vowel)(touching all)".

--- i.e. Japanese consonant is regarded as a PIG or KANGAROO who has a crying vowel baby on piggyback or in her pouch(= bag).

R tongue is not touching the dome, this goes against the Japanese real pronouncing condition/ fact. So, the assignment of R ( instead of L ) to the Japanese word is logically false.

EX. English spelling "model" (this is a good sample), its American pronouncing looks like [Ma DA U], Last [U] ( as if, not [L]) is corresponding to the result of strong [L] ( with no vowel) tongue keep-touching the dome long, on the other hand, last L, its Japanese pronouncing becomes [Lu] ( or [Lw] ) (its nuance is short [L] + untouched long [u ( or w)] vowel. -- it can't be without vowel ).
another sample, "Seattle" --- sounds like [Si A LLLLo] in USA ( "tl" part is both consonants has continuous tongue touching the dome), [Sia ToLu] in Japan.

From the viewpoint of foreigner and one Japanese, I write below.
It's easy to prove which is true, L or R.
You only have to ask the next Japanese question to the Japanese children.    --- the answer is self-evident ??!!
Q: [ dochira ga tada-shii(=true) desuka? 1: dochira(=which) or dochila? 2: aRi(=ant) or aLi? 3: kiri-girisu(=katydid) or kili-gilisu? 4: sakura(=cherry blossom) chiru(=fall) or sakula chilu or sakula chilw? 5: rakkyo or lakkyo? 6: kusuri(=medicine) or kusuli? 7: ringo(=apple) or lingo? 8: KArasu(=crow) or KAlasu? 9: mirai(=future) or milai? 10: karada(=body) or kalada? 11: dareda(=who) or daleda? 12: marui mari(=ball) or malui mali or malwi mali? 13: anata wa riKOW(=smart) or liKOW? 14: haru ga kuru or halu ga kulu or halw ga kulw? 15: renraku or lenlaku? 16: omawari-san(=cop) or omawali-san? 17: risoU no hito or lisoW no hito? 18: aru nai or alu nai or alw nai? 19: iru inai or ilu inai or ilw inai? 20: teruteru bowzu or telutelu bowzu or telwtelw bowzu? ]

(Sometimes, R may be spoken/ included in Japanese a bit, such speaker is the drunkard, the vocally-challenged person, the Tokyo-downtown local native (= Edo Kappe) or the artificial/ arrogant entertainer, etc. --- Anyway, all such usage is NON-STANDARD.)

-- That is, the spelling assignment to the sound was mistaken by former Japanese or foreign scholars ( I think so).

Why did such basic mistakes happen?
• One answer is that they forced to adopt "R" instead of "L" to avoid being so ambiguous ( i.e. Lower L looks like upper i or number 1).

The spelling "Fu" instead of "Hu" perhaps comes from below, even though its pronouncing is distinctly different ( it's self-evident. Like as Yahoo! is Yahoo!, but not Yafoo!. ).
• The shape/ voice of Fu/ fu (especially cursive style: ex. The "ƒorte" notation in musical score, or the "ƒunction :ƒ(x)" notation in mathematics.) looks more beautiful/ fascinating/ exotic/ romantic than Hu/ hu. (-- related to Japanese people's feeling )

• OR, they (=scholars) were a little bit of silly sausages ( = OBAKA-SAN in Japanese expression) or morons ( = MANUKE , NOU-TALIN , ANPONTAN , TONCHINKAN , OTANKO-NASU or OTANCHIN in Japanese expression).

But, These mismatch notation already had prevailed as Japanese Roman style.
>> It's no use crying over spilt/ spilled milk!!!!!

Summing up: Below misleading spellings notation perhaps will bother the foreigners who begin to study Japanese Roman style. (I think so. I apologize to them.)

spelling:        Ra, Ri, Ru, Re, Ro,  //  Fa,     Fi,    Fu,  Fe,    Fo
pronouncing: La, Li,  Lu, Le,  Lo,  //  HuA, HuI, HU, HuE, HuO
--- Hu of (Ha,Hi,Hu,He,Ho) is the same Fu of (Fa,Fi,Fu,Fe,Fo).

(THIS FACT IS IMPLICIT common AWARENESS by Japanese ordinary people [ except language scholar].)

Honestly speaking (I hate to say it), above blunder is objectively not only low-level but also dishonest/ unkind toward the foreigners, and dishonorable toward the Japanese people ourselves !!!! --- (I think so.)

I'd like to recommend to study KANA spelling ( not Roman spelling) directly if you want to understand Japanese language.

To whom it may concern:
Please TAKE/ CONSIDER above mistaken Japanese Roman alphabet AS a kind of DIALECT (i.e. some spellings ≠ pronouncing) !!

(Forgive / Don't blame Dr. James Curtis Hepburn [= referred to as Mr. Hebon in Japan, he lived to about 100 years old( 03-13-1815 to 06-11-1911)].)
-- IMHO, To be blamed is Japanese scholars' side, they have no global eyes and are stereotypes/ narcissists as same as Japanese diplomats.-- they are [fuuuli/sh] ( this is [ta@buuuu]?, not [ba@mbuuu]).

< Witness >
musical notation : DO   RE  MI    FA     SOL LA   SI      DO
Japanese voice   :[DO] [LE] [MI] [HuA] [SO] [LA] [SHI] [DO]
(Usual Japanese people have never even heard (of) the fact that LE's original spelling is "RE".)
("The song of DoReMi": Its Japanese lyrics is "... Le is Lemon's Le ...". --- There's no [-- no is false??] language consideration. --- This lyrics writer has Japanese common sense ?!)
1. voiced/ variant sound -- ga,za,,,pa
In KANA style, to append an upper suffix of "2dots" ,, "circle ( pa case only)" to ka, sa, ta, ha,,ha .
i.e. ka", sa", ta", ha",, ha°

2. independent consonant is "n" only (=ending case. Ex. Nippon), all other usage of consonant has "consonant + vowel" pair style(2 Roman-letters element). In KANA style ,1 KANA-letter is assigned.
(i.e. We have about 50 KANA-letters [ A to WO, and independent N ]. cf. Alphabet has 26 letters [ A to Z ].)
i.e. END of KANA VOICE is always VOWEL or independent "N".
ex. English To Japanese mapping Samples;
"ball" in English → [Bo:Lu] in Japanese KANA as foreign words expression, "rat" → [LaTTo], "rabbit" → [LaBiTTo], "Rome" → [Lo:Ma], "Roosevelt" → [Lu:Zu BeLuTo], "rose" → [Lo:Zu ( or BaLa)], "America" → [aMeLiKa], "apple" → [aPPuLu ( or LiNGo)], "orange" → [oLeNJi], "circle" → [Sa:KuLu], "test" → [TeSuTo], "drink-water" → [DoLiNKu - Wo:Ta: (Sui)], "restaurant" → [LeSuToLaN], "waitress" → [WeiTo LeSu], "front" → [HuLoNTo], "bracelet" → [BuLeSu LeTTo], "TV" → [TeLeBi], "radio" → [LaJiO], "receipt" → [LeSHi:To], "camera" → [KaMeLa], "record shop" → [LeKo:Do SHoPPu], "aspirin" → [aSuPiLiN], "MARIKO" → [MaLiKo], "RISA / RIKA" → [LiSa / LiKa], "SAYURI" → [SaYuLi], "RINTARO" → [LiN TaLo:], "FUMIO" → [HuMi O], "FUKUDA" → [HuKuDa] (not, F*K..).

3. variant1: consonant + y+ vowel
ex, kya, kyu, kyo --- TOKYO
In KANA style, to append a small shape of "ya, yu, yo ".
ex. kya is spelled as "KI" + small shape of "ya"

4. variant2: staccato style ---- to repeat (2 times )consonant in Roman style notation.
In KANA style, to insert a small shape of "tsu" (as in its, cats).

5. long sound in KANA style, to insert a long shape of "- (hyphen)" or "− (minus)".
ex. aaaaa... is spelled as "a −"

6. In KANA notation, there is a a small shape of "a , i, u, e, o, ya, yu, yo, tsu " --- expression for weak sound vowel.

7. Japanese word has a great many homophones than English, 100 or 1000 times(??) greater than English, perhaps.
We distinguish these from context or spelling (KANJI spelling[=Chinese letter] shape has 2 dimensional figure. It's not like 1 dimensional alphabet string).

8. The pronouncing of KANJI has 2 styles. One is Japanese style [kun yomi] and the other is old Chinese style [on yomi] ( it's about 2000 years ago style).
We Japanese people now use the fossil of Chinese language??!!

The reading speed of the book which includes KANJI is faster than the book which has no KANJI. The sentence including KANJI becomes sharp, and the recognition ability increases.

Sample1(pronoun): WATASHI + *(= I, my, me), ANATA +* (=you, your, you), WALEWALE +*(=we, our, us) , , KOLE(=this), ALE(=that), SOLE(=it), DOLE(=which), DALE(=who), NANI(=what),
[here, * is ZYOSHI or JOSHI(=postposition article)]

Sample2(part of speech order): SV > S * V, SVC > S * C V, SVO1O2 > S * O1 * O2 * V ( or S * O2 * O1 * V)
--- One Japanese feature is "verb is last".

Sample3(conjugation):Verb and adjective have conjugation. Verb has past, present and future etc. conjugation, and doesn't depend on the person ( except courtesy expression). There is no illegal verb.
Adjective conjugation has some pattern depending on last vowel group. Common adjective has suffix "i" or "na".
ex. ookii (= big), chiisai (= small), kilei (= beautiful/ clean), kitanai (= dirty), tanoshii (= joyful), omoshiloi (= interesting), bakana hito ( = stupid person), shiawasena jikan (= happy time), mottai-nai (= no mottai, = no behavior/ attitude with pretended worthy [i.e. mottai was liquor bottle which is big but empty, its usage is near a cant ], = small but so valuable, = too big/ gracious to me [i.e. mind of thanks], = still remains the value/ worth [as pity feeling], = so wasteful) --- cf. All Things Considered (NPR radio, NoPqR)
--- OH! endless !!!

Sample4(No word delimiter):Japanese sentence doesn't need the word's space delimiter. -- looks very long word !?
ex. kolewabeigohatsuondehikuspellingjishodesu.
(= This is a spelling dictionary which is looked up by American pronunciation.)

Sample5(Japanese KANA palindrome):1 KANA letter has "consonant + vowel" pair style except " vowel" or "n". Read backward/ from behind the phrase, please!!
ex. nandakawaluimitaitoitamiiluwakadanna.
read as: na,n,da,ka,(= somehow) wa,lu,i,(=bad/ give you so much trouble) mi,ta,i,(=looks like) to,(=such as/ that)i,ta,mi,i,lu,(=feel scruple) wa,ka,(=young) da,n,na,(=husband/ master)

My Complaint: "rn" ( r + n ) looks like "m" ( m ).

My Claim: Some Japanese scholars say "Japanese L or R is near to (international) R than to (international) L.".
--- My answer is simple,
" No kidding ?? [ = joking YOSHIKO-SAN !!] You have no intuition."
(ex. London is London, but not Rondon.)
(ex. LiLi-SHii (= being [LiN], = cool/ gallant), [RiN] in Japanese sound's feeling and nuance can't be sustained itself (= no fitting). --- And, It [Rin] is ignoring Japanese SPIRIT.)

Japanese L or R consonant is referred to as "flap or tap (exceptional) consonant", but the expression ra/ ri/ ru/ re/ ro doesn't indicate to be such flap or tap. -- unkind !!
So, I think, la/ li/ lu/ le/ lo is better than ra/ ri/ ru/ re/ ro.
And, Iff spelling LLL and LOO(=[lu:]) both are the same sound to the English world people, I dare to propose the extended/ emphasized KANA notation [LW] or [LW:].
-- i.e. la/ li/ lw/ le/ lo notation. -- vowel ending technique.
Nichiren(1222 - 1282)'s Mantra

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-Lotus Sutra, UK one educational site-
©Richard Moorman 1998 - 2003. All rights reserved.

Meow Holy-an
© Design, Little Cherry Stone, All rights reserved

In Japanese,
Nichi = sun, day, date, Japan
cf. Japan=[Nihon (in J) -- base of sunrise] -- [Riben (in Chinese)] -> [Jiben] -> [Jipen] -> Japan/ Zipang
ren ( = len) = lotus, water lily

-- Pronunciation:

© 449Mantra Numb
The one of the Japanese famous religious magical sacred everlasting spell sounds.

• Worship usually is done in front of the Gohonzon (= Honzon = icon) including the Buddha statue, Mandala of the gods layout picture, or the name-list of the gods.
Gaze to and chant to the Honzon including the gods and Buddha root Shakyamuni ( here, you can contain yourself as a member of the Buddha).

i.e. You must chant the Next Mantra physically by mouth loudly. And together, you must gaze to the Honzon and image yourself to be jumped & unified into the world which the Honzon describes. That is, imaging its Mantra saying (= Devotion to the Lotus Sutra) onto the Honzon mentally by mind.

Repeat this (= gazing and chanting) until you are satisfied.
If chanting is over, next, you can pray , you must pray the items of your wishes or imaging by mind (= silently) firmly (= with strong will).
//   worship is twice a day, typical sum-time is from about 1H to 2H.
//   This practice makes you strong mentally and gives the peace of mind.

 © Numb meow holy-an gueh key-o. 

 (More imagination; © Numb meow holy-an get/ got key-o.)
 (More ; © Numb meow ho Leo-n [liən] get key-o. -- includes "Lion's roar")
Copyright © Above physical spelling, since Aug.2006 Fumio Imai, All Rights Reserved.
© Kumarajiva's ambition: By embedding the multiple meaning words (or near sound words) "Lion's roar {= Lian [lien] (= Leo-n [liən]) Miao }" into the Dharmaraksa's old Chinese sutra name "Zheng Fahua Jing (True Law flower Sutra)", then, He gave the best & strongest name "Miaofa Lianhua Jing" to the new sutra name.
Evidence: Pantaleon   (In Indo-Greek Kingdom )
(His birth place Kucha (Kuqa) was the branch of the Silk Road [very related to India and Europe])

{ Another Simpler hypothesis (a proof): The shape of "Lian hua (Lotus flower)" looks like a "Lion face with mane". Especially lotus petals correspond to lion's mane (and, sound of "hua(Chi)" is near to "hear(Eng)". Further, In Japanese, hua is [ka/ ke/ ge/ hana] and hair is [mow/ ke/ ge].). He assumes that we accept these features.

Evidence: None ( I researched, but failed to find. -- why?) }

These hypotheses were found by Fumio Imai, Aug. 2006, All Rights Reserved.
(Notice: Two translators assigned different name to the same one Shakyamuni's sutra "sad-dharma-puNDariika-suutra / Good-Law-Lotus-Scripture".)
cf. Lotus Sutra ( Wikipedia )
cf. Lotus Sutra ( Translated by Burton Watson, all sentences )

Use of this spelling or embedding concept for any purpose is completely unrestricted. If you refer to it, I would appreciate acknowledgement of its origin.

Remark: The wishing items of mental-praying should be more concrete. You may have a memorandum of its list.

• item ex. Nothing (= empty), Health, Thanks report, Anxious matter, Happiness, Family, Study/ School, Business, Success, YESTERDAY, TODAY, TOMORROW, ...

Any other saying except Mantra is never allowed. --- This is a rule of Nichiren's chanting.

Japanese pronouncing problem: As a matter of fact, we Japanese native speakers never say
"Nam,Myoho,Renge,Kyo" (or NamMyoho,RengeKyo),
we all say (i.e. as a result, it converges on)
"NamMyo,HoRengeKyo" or "Nam,Myo,Ho,Ren,ge,Kyo".
--- easy to pause(i.e. comma parts)/ to say.
The intonation of "Numb meow holy-an got key-o" is (very) close to the Japanese intonation.
--- Please check out the audio media, which is there in "GUERNSEY BUDDHIST GROUP" site.
[If high speed loop (= rapid SHO DAI ) has done, the difference of above 4 types disappears.]

ShinJin ( = faith, to Believe, such Mind):
- Believe "Lotus Sutra spirit is 100% true"
(I don't know Lotus Sutra yet, but, I must say " I love you" by mouth. -- this is the very ShinJin. feel scruples.)
- Lotus Sutra teaches us how to live and what should be done for making a good purified world. But its book is too difficult (Classic expression).
- Rational mental way? ,
- We all have non-perfect part, (= For all have sinned and fall short of glory of God, -ROMANS 3:23-), Religion makes up( = fix/ mend) such defect.
- I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, -REVELATION 21:6 in Bible.
 the Anytime can be the Alpha. such thinking (= paradigm shift) (<<= There is no Alpha and no Omega) -from Chapter 16, Jigage in Lotus Sutra.

SGI's daily aggressive constant activity (= Gongyo/ worship) gives me a favorable impression, so is more trustworthy than other religion which does only the ceremonies/ celebrations (Funeral( die) or Happy-New-Year or Harvest-festival or 7-5-3 or 20-Thanksgiving or New-housing/ building-Dedication or Marriage( not major now)) or Omaili (= Visit temple/ shrine for private praying [ex. success of examination, no-car-accident]) or Ohalai (= Purification, clear away the devil/ demons]) or Houji (= Anniversary day meeting in memory to the deceased, with priests, relatives, friends and persons who related to the deceased ) or Ohigan (= Commemoration of ancestors, = beyond the river, by a family, on spring or autumn equinox, cleaning tombstone, pulling up the weeds, offering/ burning incense sticks ).

Another pronouncing sample for Japanese people (short esprit): The tired pitiful pitcher said. "Anything can't pitch / hurl (already), today." = " (mou) Nanmo houlenge, kyo." The God answered. "I understand." = "Soka (= S of SGI)."
--- Man falls into such circumstance sometimes, I propose "hybrid/ mixed usage" of "mumbo-jumbo concoction", in such case.

2nd Soka Gakkai(The Society for Value Creation) President, Josei Toda: His name Toda ∈ Today. --- always vivid
LINK:Lecture on the Sutra (Hoben & Juryo Chapt.) or by Josei Toda ---- (© The Seikyo Press, Third Edition, 1968) typo: Ado Island ; Sado Island

44 [shi shi] =(beast + mentor [= mental + monitor]) + disciples [dis-(=apart) + capere (=take, capable); can't yet --so need a teacher] =Lion , =(man) mentor and disciples

449 = [shi shi ku], =Lion's roar, =loud voice preach of Lotus Sutra bible by mentor and his disciples together like a Lion's roar, =harangue

harangue [HH ER0 AE1 NG]
:= public-square + tongue(= organ of speech, speech, language)
:= speak with the voice stretching (in Eng.) = koe wo hari / hariage nagara hanasu (in JPN, verb conjugation).
:= make ( or making) a 449 .

Spring season (in E) = Haru (in J) --- surface of young grasses have stretched in Spring (Knowledge of Japanese classic language).
Spring (in E) comes from "jumping". English and Japanese are near.?

My private impression about the SGI:
 It seems SGI is fond of bullying a Pierrot.
why? -- because diathesis. motto. consistency to the evil/ Satan (: never forgive). against the military/ war, 1st president died in prison.
- Buddhism/ philosophy/ life dignity/ peace/ believe/ pray/ believe in the divine power/ human-revolution/ education/ pragmatism/ commodities. -

 So, Each SGI member is 99% honest, but 1% somewhat mean and stereo-type. ( reverse % ?)
(--- I dislike and like this defect. Please don't hate Japan for this reason.)

 cult? one boss became too big and too great.
--- ocarina? I like ocarina.
--- culture, cultivate, difficult (dis [=not] + facile [=easy / ..facility] / faculty [=ability])

If you need the Mantra-chanting speed measure, use my toy.
In the left box,

Numb [N AH1 M] (Sanskrit sound): I numb (= be dead, make without power to feel or move) or sacrifice myself to, ( or, devote, awaken to, stop the mental chatter and pay attention to)
meow [M IY0 AW0*] (Japanese sound): the ethereal ( or subtle, difficult to see, mysterious, universal, cat's meow, wonderful)
--- (meow (= cat voice) is akin to roar)
holy-an (J) ++ hou [HH AO0] or [HH OW0]: law ( = non-Chaos, rule, principle, Dharma, method)
                       + len [L EH0 N]: ,Lotus ( or Cause and Effect, rising above the swamp)
Above here, Please pronounce half-vowel "y-a" (fuzzily) "eh".
--- (len is akin to Leo-n = Lion)
gueh [G EH0] (J): flower (or blossoms, evolution, completion, freedom).
-- alias, [K AH0] or [HH AH0 N AH0]
key-o [K Y OA0] (J): Sutra (= book of Law / Doctrine/ Teaching/ Dialogue/ Set of key) ex. K?M? Sutra
(ex. o = "o" of "open the door")
-- alias, [K EY0 (=kei)] -- this CMU notation is the same as the spelling "KEY".

*: Japanese word has no stress (= accent) usually, except that the verb stress is in last.

Mantra's meaning :
I numb myself to the ethereal law , Lotus flower Sutra.

LINK: Chinese letter in the Daimoku
( Copyright © 2002 The Imagery of Nichiren's Lotus Sutra website )
cf. In Chinese pronunciation( =pin-yin):
[na1-mo2  miao4fa3  lian2hua1  jing1] (4 tones mark; 1=high, 2=ascending, 3=low, 4=descending)
Nāmó, Miào fă, Lián huā, Jīng.
( Nāmó becomes Nam in Japan. )
(The top letter of each words is N, m, M, f/ h, L, h/ g, J/ K --- locates near position in Alphabet. -- why? cf. Mantra tricks )
 (© Numb meow fa Leo-n [liən] who're Ching. -- includes "Lion's roar")

My comment:
• This is "a hypothesis of Nichiren's Mantra sound".
• Religion has an apparatus of mental training.
• It's holy? It's key? You are numbed? You are a cat/ lion/ tiger? holy-an is Saint? meow is roar? ( get/ got key? )
( I numb myself to St. meow cat "Hou.Len" get key-o.   (here, cat's name is "Hou.Len".) )

• The intuition (or feeling or nuance) of sound (or music) is common in deep level on the world.
• "from Sanskrit to Chinese" canon translator Kumarajiva who was an Indian, added the hidden keyword "Lion's roar (Leo-n, meow)" to the existing sutra name.
cf. Lotus sutra chapter 13 (in which, - uttered the lion's roar,-), chapter 11, 17.
cf. "lion seat" -- special preacher sits on it.

-- "ShiShiKu" in Jpn. -- (4,4,9)
i.e. He intended that Sutra-name has a hidden Lion's power by nature. "This sutra is like a Lion's Roar (as King of King)." Always, this background message is uttered.
-- He knew Europe and had a sense of humor and liked riddles, perhaps. -- Secret of secret?
( He knew Cleopatra VII of Egypt ??)

Bye bye frustration, concentrate your spirit, repeat a chanting.
If the percussion instrument is available, it's more effective.
worship rather than warship: INNER PEACE LEADS TO WORLD PEACE. (I think so, too.)
amico rather than enemy: The word roots of "enemy" is "en ( =not) + amico/ amica". Mothers say "Stop the brother's quarrel, recess the war, and become amici/ amiche.". Don't fart in front of people.
• In above LINK " Chinese letter in the Daimoku", "num" has "yoke" meaning. --- I feel, very interesting corresponding, Jesus Christ was "MASTER of yoke- maker".
Chanting with praying: This is not allowed basically. Exceptionally, allowed, i.e. If and only if, your mind is already unified/ victim/ sacrificed/ devoted to the Honzon about 100%, you can chant with praying. -- In general, there's no such room (?).
cf. Link: Mantra chanting with prayer ( by Nichiren Shoshu )
As a matter of fact: I confess below,
(As of Aug,2006)
- I have a weak bias against Nichiren who said "Mine is the best". His sight-view range was Japan only. He didn't know about the religions of other countries. For example, He didn't know the name of "Jesus Christ".
- So, I expect the men/ women who have/ understand multi-/ polyglot religions. ex. Christian & Lotus Sutra-Buddhist.
-- They are happier? --- I don't know ( = I'm P-man (= green pepper, =foolish, i.e. My brain contents is empty like a green-pepper.)).
TRICK: I repeat chanting/ invocation "obey (or comply with) X 100%". If so, I'm a man who attained X 50%.
--- This is a short-logic/ trick. The attainment depends on the real attitude or deed ( or effort/ endeavor, patience, studying, good taste etc.).

-- Deformation, dialect, provincialism, individual variation , patter, high-speed mantra --
" © Nam Ma Ha Lan Ga Ka " is allowed perhaps as the fastest Mantra pattern.
Say " © Numb Ma harangue Ga[k]ka(i)" corresponding to the chanting "Nam Myo Hou Len Ge Kyo" in heart.
- This is from AsifSound dictionary.
- "Harangue" [HH ER0 AE1 NG] has 449 [shi shi ku] meaning.
- "Gakkai" comes from the name of "SGI".
- (i) has to be silent. [k] may be skipped.
  I recommend saying "Gakkai" (no neglect).
- This meaning fact is a miracle (!?).
- 449 Gakkai = 449 SGI := The Lotus sutra practice party. [include evangelist etc.]
- Ma < meow [miao] = women + rare/ little --ex. I've never ever seen such beautiful woman.

"I sacrifice myself to the meow 449 practice party SGI."
(In J: watashi wa tae-nalu 449 jissen party SGI ni kie shimasu.)
New English superset-rapid mantra meaning is almost the same as its origin.

In Japanese fertile numeric sounds.
 © 76 6a 8a Lan 5a 9a
↔ 76 3ao 8o Len 5e 9io
where: 7(Na), 6(Mu), 3(Mi), 8(Ha) [selected from 8(Ha, Ya)], 5(Go), 9(Ku) and 0(Lei) in Japanese,
allowable vowel variant.
--- 1 is 3000 (=3125?).
Initials: 76.68059 (∋) or 76.38059
Tip: 5vowels, 5parts , so 5^5=3125 variants
-8(Ha)[ =Law] is center character of this.
-Physically 766a, 8aLan5a9a mix (, mentally 763ao, 8o Len5e9io ).
-Accent/ Stress is there on the first 5a/5e(Ga/Ge).

--- appendix: Different solution ---

-- in Japanese.
(Numb, ma-gic [ma, hou], Dutch [lan], paint-ers [ga ka])
ex. Rembrandt van Rijn (1606 - 1669), Johannes Vermeer (1632 - 1675), Vincent van Gogh (1853 - 1890) etc.
[Nam Ma Fa Lan Ha Cha] -- in Chinese.
[NamMaHaLanGaKa (m nida)] -- (In Hangul).

(Many DAIMOKU make you happy!!)

Tip ( Japanese spirit one example):
Priority order in Japanese fencing (= Kendou) .
1-eye [ichi-gan], 2-foot [ni-soku], 3-courage/ inspiring/ spirit [san-tan], 4-power [shi-liki].

1st is "watching well", "physical power" is last.
- foot is foot-work. Access.
- This verse fits into boxing, too.
- Q1: Can you distinguish Japanese/ Chinese numeric number "1 to 4"?
- A1: Number of straight lines.
My Q: Imagine the figure of Japanese 5.

De-regulated Input Example:        ---- Go to page Top
(If you are familiar to AsifSound, you may input AsifSound into input-box directly [in Long spelling case ?!].)

wanted spellinginput samples
(not always unique)
asifsound (unique)tip
sciencesaiens,SaNS (8 Hits)Typical input
exampleigzampalaGDaNPaL (1 Hit) 
exampleigzamplaGDaNPL (0 Hit)..ple end spelling is pronouncing [..pal] in USA. cf. apple . --schwa vowel inserted
circlesacal or sakalSaKaL (19 Hits)SaKL (0 Hit)
businessbiznasBaDNaS (7 Hits)BaDaNaS (1 Hit, =BODANIS) , not [bizines]
bridgebrijBLaD (72 Hits) 
educationejukeisan or ejukeishanaDaKaSaN(2 Hits)Not [edu..] ( Japanese spelling-based speaking is mistake.) -- same as cordial[ KO: jal], schedule
expressionexpresian or ikspreshanaKSPLaSaN (2 Hits) 
librarylaibreryLaBLaLa (4 Hits)not [..ary] in USA , same as dictionary, vocabulary, February, secretary, military, secondary [se/c5nde/ry,], Canary [can=dog + ary, many dogs living island]
combinationkambaneisianKaNBaNaSaN (1 Hit)[kamba..] ,not [kombi..]
familyfamily or famlyFaNaLa (19 Hits), FaNLa (7 Hits)--schwa vowel there is or omitted.
operationaporeisianaPaLaSaN (4 Hits)Not [ope..] -- effect of "R" pronouncing tongue power? -- [oper] + [reishan]
delimiterdelimitaaaaa or delimita:0/1 Hit in DaLaNaTa( Non in CMU dict.)Not delimiter. "er" is long vowel. Expected sound-based input.
focusfo:cas or fo;cusFaKas( 7 Hits)":" or ";"or "aa" etc., is as you like. -- avoid shift-key
TennesseetenesiTaNaSa (7 Hits) 
MississippimisisipyNaSaSaPa (1 Hit) 
Chicagosikago or sicagoSaKaGa (1 Hit) 
chemisesh5meez,SaNaD (63 Hits)good benchmark, undies name
TorontotorontoTaLaNTa (3 Hits)Not TaLaNT
COELACANTHsiila kans or seelacans
( Good Benchmark )
SaLaKaNS (1 Hit)[seel6ka9nt/]
You can use space/ blank character for readability.
churchcha;ch, or che:ch, or cher]ch,1/50 Hit (in TaT)Critical mode (, or . suffix end style)
cardca8d, or ca07d,1/100 Hit (in KaD)ditto (Open a long)
songsan/,4/191 Hits (in SaN)ditto
thatd/at,2/64 Hits (in DaT)ditto
thicks/ik, or t/ic,1/67 Hit (in SaK)ditto
thoughd/o,2/201 Hits (in Da)ditto
yellowyelow,1/252 Hits (in aLa)ditto
thingt/i/n/, or s/i/n/, 1/191 Hits (in SaN)ditto
ata@t or a9t or ae]t1/77 Hit (in aT)
catcae]t, or ca@t, or ca9t,4/79 Hits (in KaT)
cutcah]t, or ca/t,2/79 Hits (in KaT)
hiphih]p, or hi/p,3/25 Hits (in HaP)ditto
headheh]d,or he/d,3/118 Hits (in HaD)ditto
signsayn,5/191 Hits (in SaN)ditto
centersenter], or sentaa, or senta;,4/28 Hits (in SaNTa)(Advanced Footer operator)
partypa8ty, or pa8tii, or pa07ty,3/74 Hits (in PaTa)ditto
delaydiley,1/209 Hits (in DaLa)ditto
carcaaaaa, or ca;, or cer],14/138 Hits (in Ka)ditto (a + a test)
airea,8/215 Hits (in a)ditto (e + a test)
hearhia,2/110 Hits (in Ha)ditto (i + a test)
VIAvia,3/141 Hits (in Ba)ditto (i + a test)
oroa,7/215 Hits (in a)ditto (o + a test)
you'reyua,5/215 Hits (in a)ditto (u + a test)
our or hourawa, or awa:,2 or 3/215 Hits (in a)ditto (AW + a test)
admireadmaya,or admaia,2/21 Hits (in aDMa)ditto (AY + a test)
cawcaw,5/138 Hits (in Ka)ditto
bamboobambuuuu, or bambu;, or bambuw, or bambooo,1/10 Hit (in BaNBa)ditto, I made uu... = oo...
knownow, or no;, or noao],6 or 7/162 Hits (in Na)ditto
supplysa/plai, or sa/play, or sah]play,1/12 Hit (in SaPLa)ditto
cf. supplies, surprise
anywayeniwei, or enywey,1/193 Hit (in aNa)ditto
pseudosudow,1/111 Hit (in SaDa)ditto
stein, stine, stynestain,3/33 Hits (in STaN)ditto
stainstein,1/33 Hit (in STaN)ditto
stearn, stearne, stern, sterne, stirn, sturnstaaaan, or ster]n, or ata;n,6/33 Hits (in STaN)ditto, aaa + consonant-end special usage.
steen, stenestiin, or stiyn, or sti;n,2/33 Hits (in STaN)ditto
stonestown,1/33 Hit (in STaN)ditto
heartha8t, or ha-*t, or ha0*t, or ha07t, or haa]7t,5/68 Hits (in HaT)ditto, R(represent "* (star mark)")
hurtha;t, or he;t,5/68 Hits (in HaT)ditto
starsta8, or sta07, or sta-*,3/38 Hits (in STa)ditto (- = 0, * = 7 usage)
awarda    wo:*d, or 5wo8d,1/226 Hit (in aD)ditto , N spaces (N > 0)
challengecha@la/nj,1/16 Hit (in TaLaND)ditto
calisthenicska@la/st/e/ni/cs,1/1 Hit (in KaLaSSaNaKS)ditto (long spelling)
compromiseca-mpra/mayz,1/2 Hit (in KaNPLaNaD)ditto
adventurea/dve/ncha;,2/4 Hits (in aDBaNTa)ditto
squeezesqweez,1/33 Hits (in aDBaNTa)I made ii... = ee...
popularpa-pya/la;,1/7 Hits (in PaPaLa)akin to "popolo (Italian)" =people, crowd
Wednesdaywenzda,2/2 Hits (in aNDDa)day of week
Saturdaysatada,2/2 Hits (in SaTaDa)day of week
Thursdaysazda,2/3 Hits (in SaDDa)day of week
Tuesdaytuzda,3/4 Hits (in TaDDa)day of week
vulgarva/lga;,1/6 Hit (in BaLGa)b/ v , l/ r which?
burglarba;gla;,1/17 Hit (in BaGLa)b/ v , l/ r which?
infrastructurei/nfra/stra/ccha;,1/1 Hit (in aNFLaSTLaKTa)restrictive input
restrictiveriystri/cti/v,1/1 Hit (in LaSTLaKTaB)restrictive input
inputi/npu/t,1/8 Hit (in aNPaT)Not "imput" why??
districtdi/stri/ct,1/3 Hit (in DaSTLaKT)restricted region ??
honeymoonhanymooon,1/9 Hit (in HaNaNaN)
adventurera@dve/ncha;ra:,2/2 Hits (in aDBaNTaLa)R-linking (ER] + vowel)
centeringse/nta:ri/n/,1/4 Hit (in SaNTaLaN)R-linking (ER] + vowel)
dangerousdeinja:ras, or deinja:ra/s,1/2 Hit (in DaNDaLaS)R-linking (ER] + vowel)
declaredi/cle/7.1/9 Hit (in DaKLa)EH] + R(=* or7) end
declaringdecle/ri/n/,1/1 Hit (in DaKLaLaN)(R-linking)
Irelandaie:l5nd, or ai7l5nd,1/102 Hit (in aLaND)[AY1 ER0 L AH0 N D] or [AY1 R L AH0 N D]
terrortera:,1/17 Hit (in TaLa) earth
terroristte/ra;ri/st,1/1 Hit (in TaLaLaST)R-linking ,man who makes earth-quake
forecastfo:7ca@st,1/5 Hit (in FaKaST)[AO R]
earneste;na/st, or a;na/st,1/12 Hit (in aNaST)ER] notation variety
diligentdelijent,1/1 Hit (in DaLaDaNT)
grammargra@ma:, or gra9ma:,2/46 Hits (in GRaNa)symmetrical, have a law. --- g + ram | mar
suicidesu;i/said, or su;a/said,2/27 Hits (in SaSaD)cide = cut, cf. decide
bomberba0ma;,3/164 Hits (in BaNa)silent b
Iraqi/la0q,1/76 Hit (in aLaK)i/la@qiy, = 1/25
Pakistanipakistanii,1/1 Hit (in PakaSTaNa)
Afghanafgan1/1 Hit (in aFGaN)
gadgetga@ja/t,1/16 Hit (in GaDat)a@pa:ra@ta/s, = 1/1
perceivepa;siiv,1/2 Hit (in PaSaB)Noun: perception
assumea/suuuum.1/73 Hit (in aSaN)Noun: assumption
blunderbla/ndaaaa,1/21 Hit (in BLanDa)big mistake
slandersla@ndaaaa,1/3 Hit (in SLanDa)cf. slender
difficultydificalty2/2 Hits (in DaFaKaLTa)accent is in di top
debutdeybyuuu, or deybyooo,2/105 Hits (in DaBa)silent t
debtde/t,1/64 Hit (in DaT)silent b
mortgagemo:7ga/j,1/18 Hit (in NaGaD)silent t
informationinfo;*meisha/n, or info;7meisha/n,2/2 Hits (in aNFaNaSaN)--tion (sha/n)
questionqwe/scha/n,1/27 Hit (in KaSTaN)--tion (cha/n)
recessionri/se/sha/n,1/8 Hit (in LaSaSaN)--sion, depression
successionsa/cse/sha/n,1/1 Hit (in SaKSaSaN)--sion, to go
concessioncanseshan1/3 Hit (in KaNSaSaN)--sion, to go together, compromise
accessa@xe/s, or a@cse/s,1/5 Hit (in aKSaS)--cess, to go to, cc ss
addressadre/s,2/6 Hits (in aDLaS)dd ss
addresseeadre/s,2/6 Hits (in aDLaS)dd ss ee
tomorrowta/ma0 row,1/15 Hit (in TaNaLa)rr, not mm, use Space separator
morrowma0 row,3/236 Hit (in NaLa)** slow performance **
performancepa:fo;7ma/ns,1/1 Hit (in PaFaNaNS)
parallelparalel,1/1 Hit (in PaLaLaL)ll
middlemidal,11/52 Hits (in NaDaL)dd
riddleridal,5/41 Hits (in LaDaL)dd
buzzerbuza:,7/140 Hits (in BaDa)zz
puzzlepazal,1/12 Hit (in PaDaL)zz
fuzzyfa/zy,1/49 Hit (in FaDa)zz
Carrollcalal,7/44 Hits (in KaLaL)rr ll, Lewis *
erre/ra;,2/252 Hits (in aLa)rr, error
terrorte/ra;,1/117 Hit (in TaLa)rr, earth-quake
typotaypo,2/37 Hits (in TaPa)print error
arrayarei,3/252 Hits (in aLa)rr, multi-members, vector
matrixmatrix2/3 Hits (in NaTLaKS)etymology: from mother
parrotpalat,36/36 Hits (in PaLaT)rr, [P EH1 R AH0 T]
occurrenceakalans1/1 Hit (in aKaLaNS)cc rr
oppressoraplasa1/1 Hit (in aPLaSa)pp ss
guerrillagelila1/16 Hit (in GaLaLa)rr ll
savvysavy,6/107 Hits (in SaBa)vv
committeeca/mi/tee,3/18 Hits (in KaNaTa)mm tt ee
transmittra@nzmi/t,1/1 Hit (in TLaNDNaT)transmit not in CMU
resourceriyso:7s, or riyso8s,1/9 Hit (in LaSaS)AO R pattern
interventioni/nte; ve/n cha/n,1/1 Hit (in aNTaBaNTaN)not SH, also, i/ne;ve/ncha/n,
centerse/nte;,4/28 Hits (in SaNTa) also, se/ne;, (2/180)
swearswe/7,1/206 Hit (in Sa)akin to answer (by Etymology)
etymologye/ti/ ma0 la/jy,2/2 Hits (in aTaNaLaDa)
pronunciationpra nansi eyshan2/2 Hits (in PLaNaNSaSaN)
pronouncingpra nawn sin/1/1 Hit (in PLaNaNSaN)
possessp5ze/s,1/4 Hit (in PaDaS)ss ss
coffeeca0fy,2/25 Hits (in KaFa)ff ee
attention5te/nsh5n,1/2 Hit (in aTaNSaN)I prefer 5 to 6.
abandoned5ba9nd5nd,1/2 Hit (in aBaNDaND)
abundant5ba/nd5nt,1/1 Hit (in aBaNDaNT)
rainbowrein bow.1/22 Hit (in LaNBa)rain + bow( =arch)
pitiedpi/tiyd,1/56 Hit (in PaTaD)< pity +ed , In UK, pitied = pitted?? (homophones)
pittedpi/t5d, or pi/ti/d,2/56 Hits (in PaTaD)< pit +ed
fantasticfa@nta@>sti/c, or fa9nta9>sti/c,1/2 Hit (in FaNTaSTaK)> or >> is Invisible Man. --- applied to > =primary stress, >> =secondary stress. (originally I assigned to STACCATO symbol. -- but, staccato ∈ primary stress.)
[F AE0 N T AE1 S T IH0 K]
contemporaryc6nte/>mpe:re/>>ry, or c5nte/>mpe:re/>>ry,1/1 Hit (in KaNTaNPaLaLa)ditto, [K AH0 N T EH1 M P ER0 EH2 R IY0]
implementationi/>>mpl6me/ntei>sh6n, or i/>>mpl5me/ntei>sh5n,1/1 Hit (in aNPLaNaNTaSaN)ditto, [IH2 M P L AH0 M EH0 N T EY1 SH AH0 N]
configurationc6nfi/>>gye:rei>sh6n, or c5nfi/>>gye:rei>sh5n,1/1 Hit (in KaNFaGaLaSaN)ditto, [K AH0 N F IH2 G Y ER0 EY1 SH AH0 N]
questionnaireqwe/>>sch6ne/>7, or qwe/>>sch5ne/>*,1/9 Hit (in KaSTaNa)ditto, [K W EH2 S CH AH0 N EH1 R]
storagesto8>r5j, or sto8>ri/j,2/18 Hits (in STaLaD)non [streij] as in J -- LOL
streetstree>t,3/13 Hits (in STLaT)non [storeet]
solutions5luu>sh5n,1/4 Hit (in SaLaSaN)non [s5lyuu>sh5n] as in J -- LOL
mundanem5ndei>n,1/11 Hit (in NaNDaN)This world/ mundaneness is like the weather.
temptationte/mtei>sh5n,1/1 Hit (in TaNTaSaN)silent p

• Input "ch[IPA symbol=ʧ]" ( as in spelling: church) and "sh[IPA symbol=ʃ]" ( as in spelling: push) are automatically mapped to "t"(1 letter) and "s"(1 letter), respectively.
• Input "c" and "x" are always unique (only one) mapping to "k" and "ks", now.  ---  Now, no intelligence.
    --- ex. spelling "..ce" ending is pronounced by [..S] or [..chie[IPA symbol=ʧe]
as in check (in Italian usage)] ---NO CONSIDERATION in this tool.
    --- ex. In English" felicity" [ fi LI saty ] , in Italian " felice" [ fe LI: chie ].
    --- x is not supported [gz] or [z] usage, always [ks].

• Spelling "ng" (as in going [IPA symbol=ŋ]) is referred by AsifSound "n"(1 letter).
    --- cf. Spelling "rectangle" is pronouncing notation by "[ REk ta ng gal ]", AsifSound by "LaKTaNGaL" (1 Hit).
    --- ex. BEIJING (capital city of one China) -- In this PIN-YIN(Chinese sound notation) spelling, "NG" is an independent letter of NOSE SOUND.

• Spelling "ts" (as in sports) is not referred by AsifSound "t", now. You must input "ts"(2 letters).
  Spelling "ds" (as in finds) is not referred by AsifSound "d", now. You must sound input "dz (not ds; this is CMU dict. & IPA convention)"(2 letters).

In CMU dict., above adjacent 2 letters have a separated notation style in pronunciation column. --- this is somewhat worse, isn't it ?!!?
-- ex. cats [K AE1 T S] , not [K AE1 TS] (→ This makes me reluctant to improve now-limitation of this system (above mentioned) , a bit.)

Copyright © "The CMU Pronouncing Dictionary", Carnegie Mellon University / Kevin A. Lenzo, All Rights Reserved.
Copyright © "AsifSound vs. Spelling - American Dictionary" (which is based on above public CMU Dictionary) and this search tool/ interface ("A2Spelling"), F. IMAI, All Rights Reserved.

This stuff was written on 2005, Oct, first.